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In the US, 12.2 million tons of primary aluminum was produced in 1995. End-use figures according to various sectors are as follows: Packing: 2.31 million tons; Machinery&Engineering: 569,000 tons; Electrical Engineering: 657,000 tons; Building&Construction: 1.21 million tons; Other: 279,000 tons. 1.3 million tons of primary aluminum was exported.

Total extrusion shipments in The US rose sharply in 1997 to 1.36 Mtons, compared to the previous year's 1.2 Mton level. There are today 106 extruders in operation compared to 148 in 1995, because of closing the inefficient and older presses and merger of companies such as Alumax and Cressona and Alcoa and Alumax.

There are 45 rolling mills in the US with a hot-rolling capacity of 6.5 Mtons. Those mills produced 4,6 Mton rolled products in 1997. About 44% of rolled products destined for the packing sector, especially for the can making.

Semis consumption in the six major economies is shown below (kt)
 
            Average Annual Growth (%)
Country 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 91-96 70-96
USA 3841 5514 5996 8252 8260 7,8 4,4
Japan 1141 2227 3572 3976 4058 1,9 9,8
W.Germany 701 978 1189  1276 1239 0,4 3,0
France 403 580 629 605 600 0,2 1,9
Italy 375 688 939 1016  940 -0,4 5,8
UK 455 411 273 467 427 11,2 -0,2
Total 6 915 10 398 12 599 15 592 15 525 4,4 4,8

 

Semis consumption by end-use sector is shown below (kt)
            Average Annual Growth (%)
End-use 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 91-96 70-96
Transport 1602 2344 3532 4758 4821 7,9 7,7
Packaging 864 1905 2799 3146 3016 0,7 9,6
Construction 1539 2409 2778 2858 2973 2,3 3,6
Electrical 988 1141 1072 1174 1140 0,1 0,6
Mechanical 470 672 857 959 944 2,6 3,9
Consumer 586 753 746 821 820 4,3 1,5
Other 867 1175 1480 1623 1592 1,5 3,2
Toplam 6 916 10 399 13 264 15 339 15 306 3,3 4,7

This page revised on Aug.16th,1999.